This arm of AMADPOC conducts research for empirical evidence and provides direct and/ or technical assistance to regional and national programmes for situational analysis on matters pertaining to internal and international migration. Typical research areas include voluntary migration; internally displaced persons (IDPs); brain drain as well as brain circulation; human security; contribution of diaspora to homeland development and refugees in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) and the rest of SSA.
Activities under Research and Data Hub
Migrating Out of Poverty/Research Programme Consortium (2011-2017)
The seven-year project, in which AMADPOC is a partner in the ‘Migrating out of Poverty/Research Programme Consortium’ (MOOP/RPC), aims to produce evidence-based research that would enhance the improvement of policies that impact the welfare of migrants and their communities of origin. The project is funded by the Department for International Development (DfID). AMADPOC has actively organised and participated in the following three research activities under the MOOP/RPC umbrella:
i). Rural Out-Migration to Urban Uncertainties in Kenya (June 2012-July 2013)
This project was undertaken using feedback from the participants of the stakeholders’ workshop held in Kisumu on 26-27 April 2012. The project investigated whether rural migrants are indeed migrating out of rural poverty and/or into urban poverty. It explored the experiences by gender, age and other demographic characteristics with the aim of understanding the rural migrant. In addition, it identified factors that pushed migrants out of rural areas and into urban areas. The study made policy recommendations on issues concerning migration and poverty in the counties and suggested some strategies for alleviating poverty in the counties. The findings of the study were disseminated at a seminar in Kisumu on 30th July 2015.
ii). Poverty Linkages in Studying Migrant Construction and Domestic Workers in Ethiopia (2013-2014).
This project was conducted with the support of AMADPOC in the rural areas of Farta Woreda, South Gondar and Tabor as well as in the urban regions of Bahir Dar and Addis Ababa in Ethiopia. The study sought to investigate out-migration from the aforementioned rural areas to the urban areas with a view to understanding how and to what extent rural-urban migration aggravates or alleviates poverty in rural households. The focus of the study was domestic and construction migrant workers from the rural areas where it highlights their demographic, gender and socio-economic characteristics; situation in their destinations and factors determining male and female migration to the urban region.
iii). Destination Communities’ Perceptions of Mixed Migration in Kenya (May 2015-April 2016)
AMADPOC is presently undertaking a qualitative research in Ongata Rongai and Narok towns to reveal host communities’ perceptions about Kenyans and foreigners moving to these two areas of high in-migration, which are in Kajiado and Narok counties respectively. The findings of the study will provide an insight into a virgin research area with far-reaching implications for understanding the migration-poverty reduction nexus, in addition to providing empirical evidence for informed policy decisions on migranthost community relations. In connection to this study, a stakeholder workshop was held on 16th July 2015 in Nairobi with stakeholders from the Kenya National Bureau of Labour Statistics (KNBS); Kajiado and Narok county officials as well as community-based organisations (CBOs) and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) based in the two areas.
Migration in Kenya: A Country Profile (2015)
Through the financial support by IOM and technical collaboration with Samuel Hall, AMADPOC was a lead consultant in the firstever study on the migration profile for Kenya. The purpose of this government-owned project was to provide the country with its first-ever migration profile — a comprehensive and updated tool with information as well as data on migration, which is easily accessible and available, adding Kenya to the list of countries that already have their national migration profiles.
Development of the East Africa Community (EAC) Regional Labour Policy, African Caribbean and Pacific Migration Observatory (ACP) (2014)
AMADPOC was involved in a study of the development of the East Africa Community (EAC) Regional Labour Policy under the flagship of ACP. The project was primarily meant to help EAC realise its vision of a free and integrated regional labour market as enshrined in the Protocol on the Establishment of the East African Community Common Market, adopted in July 2010 and implemented as from July 2015.
Policy and Institutional Changes for Promoting Investment of Remittances in Kenya’s Agricultural Sector (2012)
FAO commissioned AMADPOC to contract another project based on the recommendations of its previous study on migration, agriculture and food security in Kenya. The findings were presented at the FAO-IOM Technical Consultation on “Migration and Remittances and their Impact on Sustainable Food Security, Agriculture and Rural Development” held in Bogra, Bangladesh between 9th and 10th February 2012.
Homeland Citizen Perceptions of and Attitudes towards their Diaspora: A Study of Kenyans and Tanzanians (2012)
This study was inspired by the need to find out how Kenyans and Tanzanians perceive their diaspora and the attitudes they adopt towards the latter with which they share much in common, not least the home country. It is grounded on the premise that it is inadvisable for any country to espouse diaspora interests in the absence of informed knowledge of the home-country resident citizens’ reactions to and treatment of the diaspora. The results of this study were presented in a one-day seminar funded by the British High Commission in Nairobi. (Available upon request).
The Kenyan Experience: A Dialogue in Action Linking Emigrant Communities for more Development Inventory of Institutional Capacities and Practices (2012)
This was a joint initiative between the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), commissioned by the former in line with studies undertaken in different countries. It analyses recent migration trends indicating that skilled professionals in Kenya are emigrating for better career opportunities, such as personal development, higher salaries and better benefits. A significant proportion of low-skilled and semi-skilled Kenyans emigrated for better opportunities elsewhere and due to lack of economic and personal growth that plagues them in Kenya. The ICMPD-IOM initiative also recognises the emigration of younger Kenyans in pursuit of higher education and to exploit the benefits of attaining international qualifications, including employment opportunities in the destination country or plum jobs in Kenya.
The Biggest Fish in the Sea: Dynamic Kenyan Labour Migration in the East African Community (2012)
The African Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Observatory survey on “Assessment of the Kenyan Policy Framework concerning South-South Labour Migration” endeavoured to enhance the identification and understanding of South- South labour migration needs. Conducted by AMADPOC, the study led to a critical analysis on the Kenya Policy Framework concerning South-South labour and how it allows the Kenya government to effectively integrate human mobility into its national and regional development plans as well as poverty reduction strategies. The project garnered such interest that it was expanded to include other East African Community (EAC) Partner States, with Kenya as the focal point of labour emigration and immigration.
Migration, Agriculture and Food Security in Kenya (2011)
The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) contracted AMADPOC to conduct a study, which subsequently was included in the work of the Ramphal Commission on Migration Development. The Commission used it to prepare a report for the attention of the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) that was to be held in Perth, Australia in October 2011.